Early Acadians & Nova Scotians:
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- Amherst, Jeffrey (1717-97):
- The English General who was personally picked by Prime Minister Pitt to command the attack on Louisbourg, in 1758. Though of indomitable perseverance and courage, he was slow and methodical in his movements. 'Provident, conciliating and cool, Amherst disposed his operations with steadiness, neither precipitating nor delaying beyond the due point ...'"
- Anson, Lord George (1697-1762):
- English Admiral who defeated the French off Cape Finisterre, in 1747, and, was made Admiral of the Fleet in 1751.
- Armstrong, Lawrence (1664-1739):
- An early 18th c. English governor at Annapolis Royal.
- Arrigrand, Gratien d'... (1684-1754):
- See under Ganet for brief treatment.
- Baptiste (1663-1714+):
- Baptiste, the nickname of Pierre Maisonnat, was: during war, a captain of a French fighting frigate; during peace, a privateer.
- Bastide, John Henry (c.1700-c.1770):
- Bastide was a English military engineer who participated in both the 1745 and the 1758 sieges of Louisbourg.
- Belcher, Jonathan (1710-1776):
- Belcher's career as Chief Justice of Nova Scotia was to cover a period which extended from 1754 to 1776. He draws our interest, primarily because he was sitting on Council when the fateful decision was made in 1755 to deport the Acadians.
- Bigot, François (1703-1778):
- The infamous French intendant.
- Boishébert, Charles des Champs de ... (1729- 1797):
- Boishébert was to come to Acadia with his uncle, Sieur de Ramezay in 1746 and his connections to Acadia continued until he returned to Quebec in 1758 to fight on for the French until their final defeat in 1760. Having been returned to France, this brave Canadian French military officer was put on trial with a number of French colonial administrators (including Bigot). The trial was to produce some very valuable records and give an inside glimpse as to the goings on at the highest levels of the French command in America during its last years.
- Bonaventure, Sr; Simon-Pierre ... (1659-1711):
- Bonaventure was the second in command at Port Royal when it was taken by the British in 1710.
- Bonaventure, Jr; Claude-Elizabeth Denys de ... (1701-1760):
- Bonaventure, jr., was to follow his father's footsteps and was at Louisbourg during both the sieges of 1745 and 1758.
- Boscawen, Edward (1711-1761):
- The English naval admiral who was picked to command the naval forces in the attack on Louisbourg, in 1758.
- Boucher, Pierre-Jérême (1688-1753):
- Boucher was a resident assistant-engineer at Fortress Louisbourg. Overall he was to spend some 32 years at Louisbourg and died there in 1753.
- The Boularderies:
- Both father and son were to play a role in Acadia.
- Brouillan, Monbeton de (1676-1755): [ See St. Ovide]
- Bradstreet, John (c.1711-74):
- Born in Annapolis Royal (his mother was a Latour) Bradstreet was to join the British army as an officer and had an extensive and involved career during the wars with the French on the American continent (1745-63).
- Brouillan, Joseph de (1651-1705):
- The French governor at Port Royal between 1702 and its permanent fall to the English in 1710.
- Bulkeley, Richard (1717-1800):
- Richard Bulkeley held numerous governmental positions in the early establishment of the British capital, Halifax, ones in which he preformed admirably, such that, he has been described as the "Father of the Province."
- Cadillac, Antoine De La Mothe (1658-1730):
- Though Cadillac is more well known as the founder of Detroit, Michigan, he did play a role in the history of Acadia.
- Castin (1689-1720):
- Castin, the French aristocrat with an Indian mother, was one of the most famous woods fighters in the Acadian frontier.
- Caulfeild, Thomas (c.1685-1717):
- An English commander at Annapolis Royal, 1711-17.
- Church, Col. Benjamin (1639-1718):
- The fierce messenger of the Puritan God and pillager of Acadia.
- Cobb, Sylvanus (1710-62):
- Cobb, a New Englander, first came to Nova Scotia with the Louisbourg expedition 1745. He was to stay on in Nova Scotia assisting the authorities as the owner and captain of the armed sloop, York.
- Collier, John (?-1769):
- One of the English Council members at Halifax, who, in 1755, made the fateful decision to deport the Acadians.
- Colvill, Rear-Admiral Alexander (1717-1770):
- Colvill, in his ship the Northumberland was to cruise Nova Scotian waters during the war years, 1755-63. Further, he was responsible for the establishment of the naval dockyards at Halifax.
- Cook, Captain James (1728-79):
- Cook, of course, is best known for his exploits in the Pacific; yet, it was off the coasts of Nova Scotia where he practised his navigational and chart making skills.
- Cope, Jean-Baptiste ( -c.1760):
- "Major Cope" was the Chief of the Micmac tribe at Shubenacadie; thus, he had to have a close connection with Le Loutre. The French governor, Raymond, did not think much of his ally: "a drunkard and a bad lot ... a bad Micmac whose conduct has always been uncertain and suspect to both nations." (DCB.) It was under the direction of Cope that a group of Micmacs (headed by Cope's son, Joseph), under false pretenses, overpowered Captain Bannerman and murdered him and his crew on the 19th of May 1753. (Anthony Casteel was the only crew member to escape, mainly because he spoke French and was thus able to convince the Indians that he was on their side. Thomas Raddall writes of this historical event in his book, Roger Sudden.) Cope died, it is guessed, at Miramichi around 1760.
- Cornwallis, Edward (1713-1776):
- Army officer; colonial administrator; the founder of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
- Cosby, Alexander (1685-1742):
- Cosby was an early 18th c. English officer at Annapolis Royal.
- Costebelle, Phillipe de (1661-1717):
- A French officer at Louisbourg.
- Cotterell, William (?):
- One of the English Council members at Halifax, who, in 1755, made the fateful decision to deport the Acadians. I am afraid that I have been unable to locate much material on Cotterell.
- Couagne, Jean-Baptiste de (1687-1740):
- Couagne was a resident assistant-engineer at Fortress Louisbourg.
- D'Anville, Jean-Baptiste-Louis, Duc d'Anville (1709-46):
- The French Admiral who led the abortive French invasion of Acadia, in 1746.
- Deschamps de Boishébert, Charles (1727-1797):
- See under Boishébert.
- Deschamps, Isaac (1722-1801):
- Deschamps, a Swiss, first came to Nova Scotia, likely in 1749. In the early days he was a successful merchant and ran a truckhouse at Piziquid (Windsor). In 1759, Deschamps became the first member of the Nova Scotia Assembly to represent the new county of Annapolis. During the 1760s, the 1770s and the 1780s, he received increasingly more important and far ranging public positions, both in the administration of government and on the bench, eventually to become the acting chief justice in 1785.
- Des Herbiers, de La Ralière, Charles (1700-1752):
- The French governor sent to take back Louisbourg from the English in 1749. He remained there until 1751, when he was called home.
- Dièreville was a French surgeon who came to Port Royal in 1699. He stayed in Acadia for a year and then returned to France. Once back home, in a curious mixture of prose and verse, Dièreville wrote of his experiences: recounting his journeys and experiences; describing the local flora and fauna, the state of the beaver trade, and of the native habitants and their customs.
- Drucour, Augustin de (1703-1762):
- The Governor at Louisbourg from 1754 to 1758.
- Duchambon, Du Pont, Louis (1680-1775):
- In 1744, fate thrust Duchambon to Louisbourg's helm. He proved to be an incapable commander and the grand fortress fell to "a bunch of New England farm boys" in 1745.
- Duquesnel: (See Le Prévost, Jean-Baptiste-Louis, Duquesnel.)
- Durrell, Rear-Admiral Philip(1707-1766):
- Durrell had a very substantial connection to Nova Scotia being involved in both sieges of Louisbourg: 1745 and 1758.
- Duvivier, Du Pont, Joseph (1707-1760):
- Acadian born, Duvivier fought as a French army officer during the Seven Years War; both outside the walls of Annapolis Royal and inside the walls of Louisbourg.
- Franquet, Louis (1697-1768):
- French army engineer, director of fortifications of Louisbourg, 1750-58.
- Galissonnière, Roland Michael Barrin, Comte De La (1693-1756):
- Galissonnière was a distinguished French naval officer. During the years between 1747 and 1756, he served as the administrator of Canada.
- Ganet, François (1675-1747):
- A French contractor responsible for the construction of Louisbourg between the years 1725-1735.
- Gannes de Falaise, Michael (1702-1752):
- De Gannes was a French officer at Louisbourg who played a role during the 1745 siege.
- Germain, Charles (1707-1779):
- Germain, a Jesuit priest, first came to Acadia in 1740 to act as a missionary to the Malicites and lived among them on the St. John River, pretty well throughout the time under review. Germain figures into our story when he led -- these French priests and missionaries were always in the service of not only their God, but also of the French king -- a band of warriors down to Beaubasin and from there went with Villiers overland from the Isthmus of Chignecto to catch the New Englanders napping at Grand Pré during February 1747.
- Girard, Jacques (1712-1782):
- Father Girard was sent by the Séminaire des Missions Étrangères in Paris to New France to do his work. He arrived at Quebec, in 1740, this "little priest from Auvergne, of a candid nature and great zeal." In 1742, he was sent to be the parish priest at Cobequid (Truro). It is said (DCB) that Girard was of great assistance to Ramezay during the French campaign in Acadia during 1746-7. He, together with Maillard, obtained "provisions for the forces, acting as liaison between the various detachments, and sheltering wounded French soldiers in his presbytery." Cornwallis, in early 1750, had Girard together with four Acadian deputies arrested. Girard was to eventually come to terms with the British and was therefore allowed to return to his mission; but then, of course, he was in disfavour with the authorities at Quebec. In 1752, Girard crossed over with a number of Acadian families to Ile St Jean (Prince Edward Island). After the fall of Louisbourg in 1758, he, together with a number of Acadians were put aboard the Duke William at Prince Edward Island; it was to sink with a great loss of lives off the coast of England; Girard was one of the few survivours. He eventually found his way to France; and, though he tried to get back to Canada, he never did. He died at the Abby of Jouarre, France.
- Gorham, John (1709-1751):
- Gorham came up from Barstable, Massachusetts as a civilian fighter to help out the British regulars who started to flow into Nova Scotia beginning just after the first siege of Louisbourg in 1745. He headed up a famous Indian fighting unit known as Gorham's Rangers.
- Goutin, Mathieu de (c.1665-1714):
- Goutin was an administrator at Port Royal prior to its capture in 1710. In 1714, he resumed his position as a "king's writer" at Louisbourg, but was soon to die there.
- Green, Benjamin (1713-72):
- One of the English Council members at Halifax, who, in 1755, made the fateful decision to deport the Acadians.
- Guyon, Louise (1668-?):
- The French feminine fatal.
- Hardy, Sir Charles (c.1714-1780):
- A distinguished English naval commander who was involved in the history of Nova Scotia during naval action of the shores of Nova Scotia in the years: 1745, 1757 and 1758.
- Handfield, John: (c.1700-c.63)
- Handfield was an English officer who spent his "entire military career in Nova Scotia" and was therefore directly involved in the stirring history of the period, including the deportation of the Acadians in 1755 and the 1758 siege of Louisbourg.
- L'Hermitte, Jacques (1670-1725):
- L'Hermitte was a French engineer who had been posted to Placentia in 1695. In 1698, he was ordered, due likely to the Treaty of Ryswick (1697), to do a survey of Acadia. L'Hermitte, as it turned out was to play an instrumental role in the establishment of Louisbourg, in 1713. He was responsible for a number of plans and charts in and around the lower part of the St. Lawrence River and Cape Breton Island, or as it was known then, Ile Royale. L'Hermitte died on August 27th, 1725, when, in a storm off the north-eastern corner of Cape Breton, the French sailing vessel, Le Chameau was dashed against the rocks with a great loss of life.
- Hertel, Sieur Jean-Baptiste, de Rouville (1668-1722):
- Hertel, in 1704, led the murderous raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts and thereafter was to become known as the "Sacker of Deerfield". As it happened, Hertel was sent to Ile Royale for its set up in 1713; in 1719 he was sent to build up Port-Dauphin (Englishtown, N.S).
- Hobby, Sir Charles (1665-1715):
- Hobby was born at Boston; he died at London. Of Boston, Hobby was one of the few "titled natives." He had been knighted during July of 1705 for his "brave conduct in Jamaica at the time of the earthquake in 1692." In 1705, his name was advanced for the position of Governor of Massachusetts; but, likely because he was just a colonial, he was denied the post. At the time that Nicholson's took Annapolis Royal, in 1710, Sir Charles was the second in command. He was the Lieutenant-governor of Annapolis Royal, between June and October of 1711.
- Hoffman, John William (b. d. unknown):
- Hoffman, a German settler, was appointed as one of the eight captains to go with the group of 1500 which was sent, in 1753, to establish the new community of Lunenburg. Hoffman comes to our historical attention because of his involvement in a rebellion, "The Hoffman Insurrection" that was to break out shortly thereafter.
- Holburne, Admiral Francis (1704-71):
- As a Rear-admiral in 1755, Holburne was with Boscawen when a large British fleet of war ships were sent into Nova Scotian waters. In 1757, Holburne was put in charge of another fleet sent to assist in an attack on Louisbourg which was planned for 1757 (the plan was aborted).
- Holmes, Rear-Admiral Charles ( -1761):
- Admiral Holmes came to America in 1755 as the Captain of the Grafton. In 1756 he was cruising off Louisbourg for a period of time. In 1757 he came once again to Nova Scotian waters under Vice Admiral Holburne. Holmes was the third in command under Admiral Saunders during the siege of Quebec in 1759.
- Hopson, Peregrine Thomas (?-1759):
- A British officer, Hopson arrived from Gibraltar at Louisbourg in 1746; for approximately a year (1752-3) was to be the British governor at Halifax.
- How, Edward (1702-1750):
- From Massachusetts, in 1725, Edward How was granted 12.6 acres on an island in Canso harbour, and from that date proceeded to participate in Acadia's "valuable and profitable peltry trade, and in its almost inexhaustible fisheries ..." And along the way became a very influential man during the succeeding wars in Acadia up to his death that occurred on the marsh outside the French fort, Beausejour, as the result of one of the most perfidious acts in Acadian history.
- Howe, William (1729-1814):
- There were three Howe brothers that distinguished themselves in the service of England. The oldest, George (1724-58), a brigadier-general, was killed before Ticonderoga. The next born, Richard, who eventually became Lord Howe had a brilliant career in the navy. The brother we are concerned with, is William. Having an equal rank with Wolfe, William Howe served under Amherst at Louisbourg and under Wolfe at Quebec. He fought for the British during the American revolution and was responsible for the British successes at Bunker Hill (1775) and Brandywine Creek (1777). His career slipped, however, as he came to suffer from "lethargy"; he was replaced by Clinton. (Chambers.)
- Iberville: Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville (1661-1706):
- A French naval captain, one of Canada's most illustrious sons, Iberville was feared throughout all of the New England colonies.
- Isabeau, Michel-Philippe (?-1724):
- The primary contractor responsible for the building of Louisbourg.
- Jonquière, Marquis de la ...; Jacques-Pierre Taffanel ... (1685-1752):
- While certainly remembered in his role in the history of Quebec, indeed he was the governor there at the time of his death, through the years Jonquiere had a very significant connection to early Nova Scotia as a French naval officer.
- Knowles, Charles (c.1704-77):
- Appointed, in 1746, to take over from Warren (its captor) as the English governor of Louisbourg.
- La Corne, Louis (1703-1761):
- The French officer second in command to Villiers who led 300 Canadians and Indians in a winter attack overland from the Isthmus of Chignecto to catch the New Englanders under Arthur Noble napping at Grand Pré during February 1747.
- La Ronde, Denys de, Louis (1675-1741):
- Another of the Denys family (a family which was to have a great influence on developments in Acadia in at least three of its generations), La Ronde was a commissioned French naval officer, who, among many of his achievements, was instrumental in the selection of site for the fortress on Île Royale, Louisbourg in 1713.
- Lawrence, Charles (1709-1760):
- The English governor of Nova Scotia at the time the Acadians were deported during the years 1755-60.
- Loppinot, Jean-Chrysostome (1680-?):
- Clerk of the Court and King's Attorney at Port Royal, Placentia and Louisbourg.
- Loudoun, Lord, John Campbell, Fourth Earl of ... (1705-82):
- Lord Loudoun was appointed to be the commander in chief of the English forces in North America during the years 1756-7. In 1757, he was put in charge of an intended invasion of Louisbourg. Then receiving disquieting intelligence about the strength of the French at Louisbourg, Loudoun called off the attack and returned to New York without making any attempt. At the beginning of 1758, Loudoun was to be replaced by Amherst.
- Loutre, Le (1709-1772):
- He was known as "Moses" to the French (this, because he fancied himself to be leading the Acadians to the promised land); and to the settlers at Halifax he was known as Monsieur De Luther, the evil priest with mystical powers. However one might want to describe "Le Loutre," he was, there could be no dispute, a major player in the French/English struggle for Nova Scotia, a drama, the crescendo of which unfolded in the history of Nova Scotia between the years 1738 to 1755.
- Maillard, Antoine Simon, Abbé (1710-1762):
- An Acadian missionary.
- Maisonfort, Alexandre Boisdescourt, Marquis de La:
- The captain of the French man of war, Vigilant, taken by Warren off Louisbourg on May 20th, 1745. (See "The Taking of the Vigilant" and see in particular footnote #10.)
- Marin, de La Malgue, Joseph (1719-1774):
- A French military officer active in Acadia.
- Mascarene, Jean Paul (1684-1760):
- A fondly remembered governor of English Nova Scotia who came with the troops to take Port Royal in 1710 and continued his connections with the province until his death. In 1739 he was to become governor of Nova Scotia and continued in that capacity until 1749.
- Maugher, Joshua (1725-88):
- Maugher, a Jerseyman, came into the newly founded Halifax in 1749 and for eleven years traded throughout the province in any product that could make him a buck including the sale of tomahawks to the Indians. In 1760, he retired to London with a fortune.
- Meneval, Louis-Alexandre Desfriches (d.1703):
- French governor at Port Royal when it was surrendered to the English in 1690.
- Monckton, Robert (c1726-1782):
- The British officer who led the forces in the taking of Fort Beauséjour in June of 1755; and, who then superintended the deportation of the Acadians that lived thereabouts. Winslow's reported to Monckton.
- Morpain, Pierre (1686-1749):
- Another French privateer.
- Morris, Charles (1711-81):
- Morris, a Bostonian surveyor, came to layout the newly founded English community of Halifax, in 1749, and stayed on to become one of its chief citizens.
- Mostyn, Savage (?):
- Mostyn made lieutenant in 1734 and captain by 1740. In 1755 he had been just newly minted as a Rear Admiral of the Blue (February, 1755), when, with his brother admiral, Boscawen, he attended to the Council meeting at Halifax when the fateful resolution of July 28th, 1755, was passed.
- Motte, de La, Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois ... (1683-1764):
- During the period under review, which covers The Seven Years War (1756-1763), de La Motte was one of the most illustrious naval men afloat, notwithstanding his advanced years. In 1757, he was to come to Louisbourg and command a large French fleet; it had the intended effect, for it discouraged the English from carrying through with their plans, at least for that year.
- Muiron, David-Bernard (1684-1761):
- A French contractor responsible for the construction of Louisbourg between the years 1736-1745.
- Murray, Captain Alexander (1715-1762):
- Alexander Murray, Scotsman, who was the commanding English army officer at Fort Edward (current day Windsor, Nova Scotia) during the year 1755, and therefore the field officer in charge of the deportation of the Acadians at Piziquid.
- Newcastle, The Duke of ...(1693-1768):
- The Duke of Newcastle was one of the most influential ministers in Great Britain during the critical years when France and England fought over their possessions in North America.
- Nicholson, Francis (1686-1749):
- Nicholson was an early 18th c. English governor at Annapolis Royal.
- Noble, Arthur (?-1747):
- Though Noble was with the colonial invasion force sent to Louisbourg in 1745, he made his biggest and final mark on Nova Scotia history in the winter of 1746/1747, when he led 500 men up from their farms and villages in New England to deal with certain French incursions. He together with 70 of his "Massachusetts men" died at the Massacre at Grand Pré on February 10th, 1747.
- Ovide St., Joseph de; Monbeton de Brouillan, de (1676-1755).
- St Ovide, the romancing governor, was in charge of the Acadian capital at Port Royal, 1701-1705.
- Pepperrell, William (1696-1759):
- The New Englander that led the successful first siege against Louisbourg, in 1745.
- Petit, Father Louis (1629-1709):
- An early 18th c. Acadian priest.
- Pettrequin, Jean (1724-64):
- A Montbéliardian, Pettrequin arrived at Halifax aboard the Betty in 1752. All we know of the man is that which we have set forth in our narrative of The Hoffman Insurrection at Lunenburg. Pettrequin died and was buried at Lunenburg.
- Philipps, Richard (1661-1750):
- An early 18th c. English army officer posted at Annapolis Royal.
- Pichon, Thomas (1700-1781):
- "The Spy of Beausejour."
- Pitt, William (1708-78):
- The Prime Minister of England at the time of the final defeat of the French in North America.
- Prévost (Le), Duquesnel, Jean-Baptiste-Louis (c.1685-1744):
- The ill tempered, one legged, French naval officer, who, at age 55, in 1740, was appointed as the "commander" of Ile Royale; and, was in charge during those critical years leading up the successful English colonial raid in 1745.
- Ramezay, Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Roch de (1708-1777):
- Ramezay was born at Montreal and became a boy soldier at the age of 11 (an ensign). After progressing through the ranks he was to become an important and senior officer at Quebec. In 1746, he raised a detachment of Indians and Canadians and brought them down the St Lawrence and landed at Baie-Verte. He came to greet and assist the d'Anville Armada in its attempt to regain Acadia for France. This grand French effort, due to a series of disasters, bore no fruit. While laying over that winter (1746/47) at the Isthmus of Chignecto, Ramezay was to find out that English forces, late in the year, had come up from New England under Noble and had occupied Grand Pré. Ramezay determined to send his forces in a spectacular winter's march, 200 miles overland, in order to attack the unsuspecting New Englanders. The result, in February of 1747, was the Battle of Grand Pré "one of the most gallant exploits in French-Canadian annals" for which Ramezay received credit. In fact, Ramezay remained behind at Chignecto while his officers Villiers and la Corne pulled it off on the ground. Ramezay was to leave the Acadian theatre during June of 1747. Thereafter, for the duration of the war, Ramezay was to command forces at Quebec. Indeed, he was the officer, with the death of Montcalm in 1759, to take charge at Quebec; and, it was Ramezay who took the responsibility, at the urging of the citizens, to surrender Quebec, an act, for which, in certain quarters, he was much criticized (though none of it official). Ramezay returned to France in 1763 and eventually settled with his family at Blaye, where he died in 1777.
- Raymond, Jean-Louis de, Comte de Raymond (1702-71):
- The vain and domineering French governor at Louisbourg, 1751-53.
- Rous, Captain John (c.1705-1760):
- From New England, Rous, a naval captain, was one of the few officers which were active in both the 1745 and 1758 sieges of Louisbourg.
- Salusbury, John (1707-1762):
- Salusbury was a disenchanted and debt-ridden gentlemen that came out as part of Cornwallis's suite in June of 1749. He was sworn in as one of the first councilors at Halifax. Generally unhappy with things he petitioned to be returned to England and returned to his family in August of 1751. Still unhappy, Salusbury came out to Halifax once again, in 1752; but remained only for year before retiring in obscurity to England. His contribution to the history of Nova Scotia is that, as an educated man, he kept a diary, or journal, which, has come down to us and is a valuable source of detail on the life and times of early Nova Scotia, particularly, being with him, of Lawrence's first descent on Chignecto in 1750.
- Saul, Thomas:
- Unfortunately I have not been able to get together too much information on Saul. His principal role in our history was to come at the time of the Acadian Deportation in 1755, especially those chapters on Grand Pré (Chapter 11 and Chapter 12). Thomas Saul was to come to Nova Scotia at about the time Halifax was founded in 1749. He was, as the DCB sets out, "the agent of William Baker, an important London merchant and government contractor and a close political ally of the Duke of Newcastle." The DCB further points out, "relations between Saul and Lawrence were close." On August the 11th, 1755, two sailing vessels were put at Saul's disposal. He was charged with the job of "victualing" the transport vessels which were to be found at the embarkation points in the Bay of Fundy.
- Scott, George (?-1767):
- Scott was one of the two commanders under Robert Monckton at the time Fort Beauséjour was taken by the English in 1755.
- Shirley, William (1694-1771):
- Shirley was appointed to be the Royal Governor of Massachusetts in 1741. He was to carry on in that position until 1756. Nova Scotia, during this time, was part of Shirley's bailiwick.
- Southhack, Cyprian (1662-1745):
- The New England privateer.
- Subercase (c.1662-1732):
- The French governor, Subercase took over responsibility for Port Royal in 1706 and was very successful in defending for a number of years but eventually had to give it up the attacking English in 1710, through no fault of his; he was a brave and well respected French military officer.
- Sutherland, Captain Patrick (b. d. unknown):
- The British officer who was in charge at Lunenburg, from shortly after its founding, in 1753, to, approximately, 1763.
- Trouvé, Father Claude (1644-1704):
- An early 18th c. Acadian priest.
- Tyng, Captain Edward (1683-1755):
- A New Englander, Tyng was was employed in chasing French privateers off the coast of Nova Scotia. It was Tyng who brought the badly needed supplies and men to the besieged Annapolis Royal in September of 1744. In 1745, Tyng was put in charge of the colonial fleet which descended on Louisbourg.
- Vaughan, William (1703-1746):
- Vaughan was one of the colonial commanders in the siege of Louisbourg, 1745. He was a red headed man of the frontier who gave courage, often to himself, from a silver flask, ever present on his person.
- Vauquelin, Jean (1728-1772):
- Vauquelin was a French naval captain who was present during the siege of Louisbourg, 1758.
- Vergor, Louis du Port Chambon, Sieur de ... (1713-1775):
- The French commander in charge of Fort Beauséjour at the time of its fall to the English in 1755.
- Verrier, Étienne (1683-1747):
- The builder of Louisbourg, its chief resident Engineer.
- Verville, Jean-François de (1680+-1729):
- The original architect of Fortress Louisbourg and its townsite, which, together with Montreal and Quebec, are foremost among the historical sites of the French regime.
- Vetch, Samuel (1668-1732):
- Vetch was an early 18th c. English governor at Annapolis Royal.
- Villiers, Nicholas Antoine Coulon De ... (1708-1750):
- This is the French officer who was in charge of a French force which attacked Grand Pré during February 1747. The force consisted of 300 Canadians and Indians; it had made a grueling winter's march overland from the Isthmus of Chignecto to catch the English napping. The New Englanders were under the command of Arthur Noble. Villiers was seriously wounded with the first volley, such that he had to be carried behind the lines and effectively gave up his command to la Corne. Though Villiers survived, he never was able to resume his duties again as a military man. His left arm was so badly shattered that it continued to give him difficulty. He went to France for treatment and then returned to Trois-Rivières, however, ultimately, he was, in 1750, to die on account of the injuries he sustained at Grand Pré.
- Waldo, Samuel (1695-1759):
- Brigadier Waldo was part of the New England forces of 1745 which took Fortress Louisbourg; he was second in command to Pepperrell.
- Warren, Peter, Sir (1703-1752):
- The English naval officer who commanded the naval forces in the colonial attack on Louisbourg in 1745.
- Whitmore, Edward (c.1694-1761):
- Whitmore was one of three field brigadiers who were under Amherst during the successful taking of Louisbourg in 1758.
- Winslow, John (1703-74):
- Winslow is best known as being the officer who directly oversaw the deportation of the Acadians in the Minas area. This event, which occurred in the autumn of 1755, however, was but one of many in a long and distinguished career devoted to public service to the English cause in colonial America.
- Winniett, William (Guillaume Ouinet) (b.1690):
- Winniett was an English army officer, a French Huguenot, who came with the English troops, in 1710, to conquer Port Royal. He was to marry Marie Madeleine Maisonnat, the daughter of Baptiste.
- Wolfe, James (1727-1759):
- The English hero of the siege on Louisbourg, 1758; to carry on next year to his death and his great claim to history as the conqueror of Quebec.
- Zouberbuhler, Sebastian (c.1710-1773):
- Zouberbuhler was one of Lunenburg's first citizens.
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[NOVA SCOTIAN BIOGRAPHIES]
[Introduction -- Book 1 (1500-1763)]
[Introduction -- Book 2 (1760-1815)]
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