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Early Nova Scotians:
1600-1867.

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Fairbanks, Charles Rufus (1809-66):
Born in Halifax, Fairbanks was educated at King's and studied law under Robie. Fairbanks was admitted to the bar in 1811. He was a member of the House of Assembly representing Halifax, 1823-34. In 1834, Fairbanks was appointed Judge of the Vice Admiralty and Master of the Rolls.
Falkland, Lucius Bentinck Cary, 10th Viscount of ... (1803-1884):
With Campbell having been "promoted" to the governorship of Ceylon, on September 30th, 1840, Viscount Falkland was sworn in as Lieutenant-governor. "Lord Falkland was a Whig, a lord of the bedchamber, and married to one of the Fitzclarences -- a daughter of William IV and Mrs Jordon." (Bourinot.) Cambell was essentially recalled because of the serious poltical battles that were going on between the elected representatives of the people and the appointed royal counsels. "As a titled aristocrat, practised courtier, and political manipulator, Falkland was sent to calm these troubled waters ..." (DCB) At first Falkland achieved some progress at bringing the reformerss and the conservatives together, but it was not easy and trouble broke out again (the Crown and the Assembly). By 1836, Falkland was tired of it and petitioned to be relieved of his post. He left for England in August of 1846. Sir John Harvey then came to Nova Scotia as its Lieutenant-governor. In 1748 Falkland was appointed the governor of Bombay.
Field, Robert (c.1769-1819):
Under Construction.
Fleming, Sandford (1827-1915):
Born in Kircaldy, Scotland, Sir Sandford Fleming began working for an engineer at age 14 and was involved in large engineering projects such as harbours and waterworks, and, in the new railway lines that were just then starting in England. At 18 he shipped out to Canada. He readily found work in Peterborough (Ontario). By the age of 24 Fleming was recognised as a fully qualified engineer. In 1863 Fleming was chosen to head up the building of the Intercolonial Railway. He set the plans, not only to connect the maritime province to Ontario, but, in time, as a director of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, saw to the building of the railway line all the way to the west coast of Canada with the last spike being driven in, in 1885.
Fleming among his many accomplishments devised a Universal Standard for Time. It was his work on the railway timetables that led him to this invention. Another accomplishment, and one that shows the diversity of the man, is that he designed Canada’s first postage stamp -– the Three Penny Beaver. He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1897. He became an author and wrote The History of the Intercolonial Railway. His connection to Nova Scotia was some what limited, but he did own property on the west side of the Northwest Arm which he used in later years as a summer retreat known as the Dingle; at his death the property was given to the people of Halifax for a park.
Fletcher, Robert (b. & d. not known):
We know very little of Fletcher's early life. He came out from London in 1766 and set up a printing shop and, a book and stationary store. Though there is no hard evidence of it, it is supposed that Fletcher "invited and encouraged by some local officials to immigrate to Nova Scotia with the incentive of government patronage." (DCB) What is for sure, is that the only printer at Halifax, Anthony Henry, had incurred the displeasure of certain of the government authorities at Halifax and lost his lucrative contract as its printer. Fletcher took over the publication that Henry had set up in 1752, the Halifax Gazette. Fletcher changed the name to Nova Scotia Gazette. This paper was "a semi-official weekly of four pages consisting of a single sheet in folio." (DCB) In 1770, Fletcher stopped publishing his paper and left it to Anthony Henry to pick up where he had left off four years earlier. Fletcher then devoted his energies at running a store. Though there are compliments to be found about Fletcher as a composer and printer; it would appear he was not much of a merchant. In 1782 he went bankrupt "his stock and household effects were sold at public auction." There is evidence that Fletcher continued to run a store at Halifax up to at least 1785, not much is known of Fletcher's life after this year. (See Stewart, "Early Journalism in Nova Scotia," NSHS Vol #6, pp. 108-9.)
Fox, Charles James (1749-1806):
During the troubles with the American colonies "Fox was the most formidable opponent of the coercive measures of government." He advocated his position with considerable skill; always on the side of the oppressed: the American, the Irishman, the Negro: he could not side with what he thought wrong against what he thought right. (More)
Francklin, Michael (1733-82):
One of the merchant elite of early Halifax, Francklin was, in 1766, to become the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. (More)
Franquet, Louis (1697-1768):
French army engineer, director of fortifications of Louisbourg, 1750-58. (More)
Freeman, Capt. Joseph
Freeman was the captain of a number of privateers working out of Liverpool, including the Charles Mary Wentworth. "He was respected by naval officers, and enjoyed an equality with them accorded to few privateersmen."[C. H. J. Snider's Under The Red Jack (Toronto: Musson, n.d.) at p 132.] After the war he was to become a member of the legislature. "He had commanded the Liverpool privateers Charles Mary Wentworth, Nymph, and Duke of Kent in the French wars, between 1798 and 1805. The War of 1812 found him prospering as a mariner and merchant, forty-four years of age, keen, seasoned, ripe in experience. He was a strict disciplinarian, and kept his privateer in the same state of efficiency as if she had flown the whiplash pendant of the Royal Navy. Every Sunday morning the hands were turned up and he read them the articles of war." [C. H. J. Snider's Under The Red Jack (Toronto: Musson, n.d.) at p 132.] [See, too, James F. More's History of Queens County (Halifax: N.S. Print, 1873) at pp. 138-44.]
Frontenac, Buade de ..., et de Palluau, Louis de (1622-1698):
"Frontenac is one of the "more turbulent and influential figures in the history of Canada." (DCB.) In the spring of 1672, Frontenac became the Governor of New France, ruling from Quebec. (More)
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2002-11

Peter Landry