FN1 Ch28 As quoted by Murdoch, Vol. 3, p. 125.
FN2 Ch28 Shubenacadie Canal Commission, Shubenacadie Canal Guide (Province of Nova Scotia, 1989), p. 2.
FN3 Ch28 23 February, 1820: "A committee reported what had been done as to inland navigation on the line of the Shubenacadie, viz., Mr. Isaac Hildreth's survey and report in 1796, the expenses of which were £208 13s. 1d. The subsequent grant of £150 in 1814, and £190 in 1815, part of which sums were spent by Mr. William Sabatier, the commissioner, in deepening and removing obstructions from Shubenacadie river, and the residue to pay Valentine Gill, who made a second survey and plan, which corroborated Mr. Hildreth's report and shewed the correctness of his levels." (Murdoch, vol. 3, p. 448.)
FN4 Ch28 "It would enable small schooners to literally sail through Nova Scotia, from Halifax Harbour, a gateway to world shipping and trade, to the mouth of the Cobequid Bay, passing forest and farm land along the way. It would make Halifax the centre of a viable economic community, and provide the growing communities of the colony with easy access to its largest market, and to overseas trade." (Shubenacadie Canal Guide, p. 3.)
FN5 Ch28 The first English canal was commenced during 1759, from Worsley to Manchester. (T. S. Ashton, An Economic History of England: The 18th Century (London: Methuen, 1955), p. 74.) During the years 1788-95 in England, parliament passed 47 acts in respect to canal companies. It was necessary for such projects to raise large sums of money. Such activities gave rise to the popularity of mortgages, bonds and debentures. (Ashton, op. cit., p. 76.) Thomas Telford (1757-1834), a stonemason from Scotland, with the new British pride born of the Waterloo victory, in using brilliant designs and advanced technology, built magnificent canals, aqueducts and bridges; most were (are) awe inspiring. (See Paul Johnson, The Birth of the Modern (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), p. 184.)
FN6 Ch28 Monday, July 24th, 1826: "In the presence of Sir James Kempt, Sir Howard Douglas, Sir John Keane, and others, Dalhousie gives a speech on the occasion the work being started on the Shubenacadie Canal." (See Murdoch, vol. 3, p. 553, for part of Dalhousie's address.) "The earl and many of the company, breakfasted in Dartmouth, at the residence of L. Harshorne, member for the county."
FN7 Ch28 Winters back then seemed to be harsher. For example, we read: January 20th, 1821: "The harbour of Halifax frozen over almost to the light house, the ice of sufficient solidity to bear sleighs, skaters, &c. and continued so for several days." (Haliburton, vol. 1, p. 304.) Another example is that set out by Akins. ("History of Halifax City," NSHS, #8, p. 194.) This kind of an entry in the history books in respect to the freezing over of Halifax Harbour, would catch most people now at Halifax by surprise, as in the 20th century there is hardly a mention that it was ever frozen over.
FN8 Ch28 Moorsom, Letters from Nova Scotia (London: Colburn & Bently, 1830) pp. 321-2.
FN9 Ch28 Moorsom, p. 324.
FN10 Ch28 Murdoch, vol. 3, p. 546. For further information on the building of the Shubenacadie Canal, see: Murdoch in vol. 3 at pp. 515-6, p. 537, pp. 546-7; for a contemporary view, Moorsom, pp. 321-4.
FN11 Ch28 John Hartlen, "The Acadia Powder Company at Waverley," NSHR, #8:1, p.12.