A History of Nova Scotia Page

Footnotes To
Book #3, The Road To Being Canada" (1815-1867)
Chapter 2, William Ross & His Settlement

FN1 Ch02 "Fenciple": "Of a person: Capable of making defence; fit and liable to be called on for defensive military service." "Militia" is a term which is a little more restrictive than that of "Fenciples." The militia was a "Citizen's Army" formed from the men of a particular community in order to defend the community to which the men of the militia belonged. It seems that a Fenciple might well be shifted from one part of the country to another, but only for defensive purposes. Both the Fenciples and the Militia are to be distinguished from a body of mercenaries or professional soldiers.

FN2 Ch02 See the work of Harry Piers, "Regiments Raised in Nova Scotia"; NSHS, #21, p. 178. And see, Martin, "It Began in 1816," NSHQ, Vol. #1:3.

FN3 Ch02 "Gimlet": A boring tool. "... a piece of steel of a semi-cylindrical form, hollow on one side, having a cross handle at one end and a worm or screw at the other.

FN4 Ch02 Grindstones made in Nova Scotia, particularly those produced in Cumberland County, became a major product for the American market: 10,300, in 1831; 18,413; and 30,671, in 1834. (Fergusson, "'The Old King is Back': Amos 'King' Seaman and his Diary," (Halifax: PANS, Bulletin No. 23, 1972), p. 11.) For a short description of their manufacture, see Fergusson, Ibid.. One tends to think of grindstones in terms of the large variety required to grind grains. Most of the grindstones were in fact much smaller, and very much in demand in the early days. For a description of their use during the 19th century, see (Stephens, "Forgotten Trades of Nova Scotia," NSHQ, Vol. #2:2, p. 185.)

FN5 Ch02 "Military Settlements in N.S. after the War of 1812," NSHS, #24, pp. 91-2.

FN6 Ch02 Ibid., p. 81. In referring to the settlement known as Dalhousie, a twin to New Ross, Martell wrote that the "model military settlement on the western end of the new road did fairly well while its sponsor [Dalhousie] remained in the province." (Ibid., p. 84 & p. 99.)

FN7 Ch02 See Martin, "It Began in 1816," NSHQ, Vol. #1:3. And see, Young, "The Ross Farm," NSHQ, Vol. #1:3.

FN8 Ch02 There is an article written by J. Lynton Martin, "Farm Life in Western Nova Scotia prior to 1850." Martin's article is meant to deal with life on the farm during the first part of the 19th century, mostly in connection the Ross farm through the years. (NSHS, vol. 37.) Check http://museum.gov.ns.ca/rfm/en/home/default.aspx : 02/01/2011


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