§ Essays' Moral and Political comes out in a third edition, Edinburgh and London.
§ The War of the Austrian Succession ends with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
§ Hume publishes Philosophical Essays concerning Human Understanding, London.
§ Henry Fielding is writing Tom Jones.
§ Travelers of the day carried pistols to be used, if necessary, against highwaymen; Dick Turpin and Jack Sheppard were popular heroes. "Beau Nash reigned king over the gaming-tables of Bath; the ostrich plumes of great ladies ... [and] the peacock feathers of the courtesans ... [mingled with the] young lords in velvet suit and embroidered ruffles ..." In dress the two sexes were never more alike. Men dressed with great flair whether going to a dance or going into battle in their "three-cornered hats, powdered perukes, embroidered coats, and lace ruffles"; their valets would serve them ices in the battle field.23
§ Philosophical Essays concerning Human Understanding, 2nd ed., London.
§ Hume publishes An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, London.
§ Adam Smith takes the Chair of Logic at the University of Glasgow.
§ Thomas Gray writes, in 1751, the meditative "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."
§ Start of the The Seven Years War.
§ Hume see to the publishing of The History of Great Britain, vol. I, Reigns of James I and Charles I, Edinburgh.
§ Hume writes The Natural History of Religion.
§ William Pitt, First Earl of Chatham becomes "nominally secretary of state, but virtually, premier."
§ Edmund Burke published A Vindication of Natural Society.
§ Adam Smith writes Theory of Moral Sentiments.
§ Hume sees to the publication of The History of Great Britain, vol. II, Reigns of James II and Charles II, London.
§ After twenty years of research and writing, Hume finishes his six volume History of England and brings out The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Accession of Henry VII, London. Hume's history was, generally, a great success and it made his reputation.
§ Rousseau sees to the publishing of two of his great works: Social Contract and Émile. Social Contract: starts with the opening sentence, "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains": it proceeds to elaborate Rousseau's life's theme: that man's natural goodness is corrupted by the influence of institutional life. Émile was a novel which sparked educational reform.
§ The Treaty Of Paris ends the Seven Years War.
§ During this time Hume is with Lord Hertford working at embassies which led him to spend time at Paris.
§ The Stamp Act is passed by the British parliament.
§ Lord Hertford's brother appoints Hume to a position at the Home Office.
§ Hume returns from France and brings with him, a visitor, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
§ The Encyclopaedia Britannica comes into being.
§ Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects, another ed., London and Edinburgh.
§ A mathematical-instrument maker by the name of James Watt, in 1769, filed a patent for an engine which called for strange things such as condensers and steam jackets.
§ At around this time, Blackstone brings out his Commentaries on the Law of England.
§ Now, not well, Hume, "at last a prosperous and wealthy man," retires to Edinburgh.
§ David Hume dies at Edinburgh and was buried in a cemetery on the Calton Hill.
§ This is the year, 1776, that: Edward Gibbon gives forth with his first volume of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire; Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations; Jeremy Bentham, Fragments on Government; and Thomas Paine, Common Sense.
§ Hume's Autobiography is published posthumously at London.
§ Hume's Dialogues concerning Natural Religion is published posthumously at London.