Blupete's History of Nova Scotia

Key Events in the History of Nova Scotia: 1827.

§Feb 27th: The Thirteenth Assembly of the Nova Scotia Legislature convened.
§Moorsom estimated the population of Nova Scotia, including Cape Breton, at 143,000. He estimated that of this only 600 were Indian and 1,500 were black. A doubling, Moorsom further concludes, of the 1817 population of 72,000.
§March 9, 1827: A report was tabled in the House of Assembly. In this report (prepared at a time when Joseph Howe, apparently, was the Superintendent of Indian Affairs) suggested that greater attention should be paid to the Indian land question. It was thought that individual families should have something akin to an absolute claim to their lots. To this end surveys should be carried out.
§Benefit of Clergy: This was a legal plea which goes back many years, whereby a clerk, or a learned man may be saved from the consequences of his crime. In 1827 it was abolished by statute. (Act,7 and 8 Geo. IV. cap.28.) (Incidentally, the plea could be used only once and the benefit claimed could only be given to one who proved to the court he could read. If the plea worked then the person was branded on the hand.)
§February, Thursday, 1st: The 13th general assembly (1st session) met. Some names to be recognised: Lawrence Hartshorne for the County of Halifax; Thomas Chandler Haliburton for the County of Annapolis; John Starr for the County of Kings; John Barss for the County of Queen's; Richard John Uniacke, junr., for the County of Cape Breton; and, Charles Rufus Fairbanks and Beamish Murdoch, for the Town of Halifax. It is interesting to note that but ten counties were listed: Halifax, Annapolis, Lunenburg, Cumberland, Kings, Queens, Hants, Shelburne, Sydney, and Cape Breton. All of these had two representatives each, except the County of Halifax which had four. The towns (as opposed to the counties) each had a representative, except for Halifax which had two). These towns were: Halifax, Truro, Onslow, Londonderry, Annapolis, Granville, Digby, Lunenburg, Amherst, Horton, Cornwallis, Liverpool, Windsor, Falmouth, Newport, Shelburne, Barrington, and Yarmouth (It would seem there were no towns to be separately represented from Cape Breton.)
§February 26th, Thomas Chandler Haliburton made his speech before the house on the Catholic Petition.
§John Walker (1781-1859), a chemist, inventor, born Stockton-on-Tees, in 1827, invented the friction match; they were called "Congreves" (alluding to the Congreve rocket), later named Luicifers, and, eventually, matches. Though it was early as 1805 that a Frenchman by the name of Chancel invented an apparatus which "consisted of a bottle containing asbestos, which was saturated with strong sulphuric acid, and flame was produced by bringing this into contact with matches, coated at the ends with sulphur, and tipped with a mixture of chlorate of potash and sugar."
§On 27th March, 1827, Darwin gave a short talk to the Plinian Society, a natural history society in the University of Edinburgh, and communicated two discoveries which he had made: First, "that the ova of the Flustra posses organs of motion; and the second, that the small black globular body hitherto mistaken for the young Fucus Lorius [a seaweed], is in reality the ovum of the pontobdella muricata [a leech that infests skates]. At the request of the society he promised to draw up an account of the facts and to lay it, together with specimens, before the Society next evening."
§April, 1827: Liverpool has a stroke and Canning became Prime Minister, who in turn died in August of 1827; then Lord Goderich took over, for but four months. Wellington then came to be Prime Minister in January in 1828; he left office in late 1830. Lord Grey then came to the helm who in turn was succeeded in July 1834 by Melbourne. Peel then came in during December of 1834. Melbourne once again came into power in April, 1835.
§"With the advent of the Grey Ministry, parliamentary reform became policy to which the Government of the day was definitely committed ... The popular uprising in France which displaced the Bourbons in 1830 was not without its repercussions in England."
§In 1827, the steam boat, St. John, was "running between St. John, Eastport, Digby and Annapolis."
§Iron mining and smelting took place at Moose River, by the Annapolis Basin; the "pig iron" was being brought to Halifax.
§June 4th: Arrived at Pictou, the brig, Margaret Pelkington. She was "loaded to the gunnels with mining experts and machinery, including the knocked down components of steam hoisting and pumping engines." By September, the "first coal was raised from a newly opened, 212-ft pit. On 7 December a 20-horsepower steam engine, probably the first in Canada, started to pump water and hoist coal at the mine; its 75-ft stack became a local landmark."
§"On Saturday, 30 June, the ship Cumberland arrived at Halifax, from Waterford, in 43 days, with 350 passengers. She was consigned to Thomas Cook. Many of the new comers were in a state of utter destitution, and sickness prevailed among them."
§Measles, small pox and typhus are brought into the communities as a result of passenger vessels. During the first ten months of 1827 there was 811 deaths at Halifax attributed to small pox.
§The first allied peace keeping mission, with Admiral Sir Edward Codrington in charge, sailed into Navarino Bay, Turkey, and, on the 20th of October, 1827, the Battle of Navarino ensued, which, while lasting only four hours, took the lives of 8,000 Turks and Egyptians; the allies lost only 178 men; this was to be the last of the great sea battles between the square sailed fighting ships.
§The population of the entire province, by the census of 1827 is 143,500; for peninsula Halifax it is 14,500; for the rest of Halifax "district," 10,500. For the districts of Colchester and Pictou, 7,500 and 14,000. The largest populated county is Annapolis at 14,500 followed by Sydney, 12,500 (the rest of Cape Breton is 20,000); then followed by Shelburne, Kings, Lunenburg, Hants, Cumberland and Queens: 12,000, 10,000, 9,500, 8,500, 5,500, and 4,000. Murdoch compares the census of 1817 to the census of 1827. The overall population increased by a third. Most of the province had a similar increase, including Halifax; Hants had an increase of only 22%, whereas Sydney and Cumberland experienced the best increases at about 45% for both.
§November 15th, it was determined that in the future the "Falmouth [England] packet would proceed to Halifax direct, with the mails."
§December, first issue of Colonial Patriot, Pictou.
§December 27th, Joe Howe became editor and sole proprietor of the Novascotian.
§Brougham founded the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
§In England, mantraps and spring guns were banned by an Act of Parliament.

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