Blupete's Nova Scotia History Page

Book #2: Settlement, Revolution & War (1760-1815).TOC
Part 4, Nova Scotia at the Turn of the 19th Century.
Synopses, Chapters 1 to 7

(Now Available As A Book)

Ch. 1. - Nova Scotia And The Napoleonic Wars. (38k)
"On May 12th, 1792, John Wentworth arrived at Halifax. On May 14th, he was sworn in as Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. He remained so for the next sixteen years, until 1808 ... During these years of war with France, at Halifax, French prizes would not be rare and English Men-of-War were common visitors. ... So we see the presence of French prisoners at Halifax at the beginning of the war, 1793; and it was to be a familiar site right through to 1814-5."

Ch. 2. - Nova Scotian Society: The People. (43k)
The British parliament, much before any other legislative chamber in the world, it now needs to be said, passed an Act in 1780, for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery. In Nova Scotia, however, during these times, sad to say, slavery existed.
Population, Indians, Blacks, Sierra Leone, Maroons, Halifax Classes, Halifax Churches, Great Pontac, Mail Packets, and Horses.

Ch. 3. - Nova Scotian Society: Lighthouses & Rum. (50k)
In 1792, the 'Great Pictou Road' was opened. It was driven through to Musquodoboit and then on to Dartmouth. It was to become known as the Governor's Road. That December, in celebration of this accomplishment the first grand ball was thrown by the Governor and Lady Wentworth.
Lighthouses, Roads, Occupations, Domestic Production, Matches, Tea, Rum & Molasses, and Dress.

Ch. 4. - Nova Scotian Society: Trade & Insurance. (56k)
Much of the shipping ... was a run down to and return from the West Indies [with fish and lumber]. Some of the captains, however, turned their vessels into freighters for hire. ... Nova Scotia continued to export timber and gypsum; it seems, not surprising given all the granite she possesses, she was also exporting grindstones to the states. Fish and oil were sent abroad. Agricultural 'skill and attention,' however, was lacking.
Trade, Timber, Ship Building, Peace of Amiens, Port Officers, Smuggling, Taxes, Bounties and Insurance.

Ch. 5. - Nova Scotian Society: Education, Medicine & The Poor. (43k)
"The situation in 1784, therefore, was that there were 35 physicians and surgeons in Nova Scotia, only one of them with a medical degree from a college. There was no legal registration required to practice medicine and surgery in this Province. There was no general hospital for civilians, and diagnosis and treatment was carried out without the use of a thermometer, a stethoscope, antiseptics, or anesthetics."
Public Schools, Dancing, Kings College, Medicine, Small Pox and The Poor.

Ch. 6. - Early Government Of Nova Scotia: Government House & The Spoils System. (41k)
"These were the days of the most flagrant wirepulling and sinister hatching of plots. ... In Nova Scotia the patronage system went hand in hand with nepotism. Take Dr. John Halliburton, as an example. Halliburton married the daughter of Admiral Sir Jahleel Brenton who was the sister to Judge Brenton ... Halliburton's son, Brenton married Margaret, the daughter of Bishop Inglis. Halliburton's daughter married Admiral Robert Murray; and another daughter married John Beckwith."
War & The Populist Movement, Election Duels, Government House, Spoils System, Colonial Government, A Succession Of Governors and Prince Edward.

Ch. 7. - Early Government Of Nova Scotia: The Legislature & The Courts. (42k)
"In the past, a great number of people were hung; it was a common way to keep law and order, and gallows were not an unfamiliar sight in Nova Scotia. For example, at Halifax, in 1785, within the space of a few days, six men were executed, two of them, having been convicted of piracy, were put to death on George's Island. A few weeks later two men were executed at Liscomb harbour."
William Pitt, Castlereagh, Catholic Emancipation, Municipal Institutions, Legislature, Courts, Criminal Punishment and Prisons.


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