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BLUPETE'S HISTORY OF NOVA SCOTIA: 1600-1763.

Warren's Fleet at Louisbourg, 1745 1

The Ship No. of Men No. of Guns The Captain
Superbe 2 415 60 Richard Tiddeman 3
Mermaid 328 40 William Montague 4
Launceston 5 239 40 Warwick Calmady 6
Eltham 248 44 Philip Durrell
Vigilant 325 64 James Douglas 7
Princess Mary 394 60 Richard Edwards 8
Canterbury 400 60 John Hoare
Sunderland 400 60 Brett
Chester 350 50 Francis Geary 9
Hector 238 40 Frederick Cornwall 10
Lark 248 40 Wickman


FOOTNOTES:

[1] On June 12th, 1745, Commodore Peter Warren "commanded the largest British squadron in North American waters since 1711." This is a listing of this fleet. The Superb, the Mermaid, the Launceston, and the Eltham were to arrive off the waters of eastern Cape Breton on April 23rd in order to assist the colonial land forces under General William Pepperrell which had landed at Louisbourg on May the 1st. The first three of these four came directly from Antigua in the West Indians, having set sail on March 13th; the Eltham had come up from Boston and had arrived at the same time, April 23rd. The French Man of War, Vigilant was captured on May 20th off Louisbourg, repaired and then put under English command. On May 22nd in came the Princess Mary and the Hector, again from Boston. On the 12th of June: the Chester, the Sunderland, the Canterbury, and the Lark, direct from England, joined the fleet. This fleet was instrumental in bringing Louisbourg around to capitulating on June the 16th, 1745 (o.s.). I have outlined their movements in Bk. 1, Acadia; Part 4, First Siege of Louisbourg (1745); Ch. 10, Royal Naval Operations.. [Refs.; The Royal Navy and North America (London: Navy Records Society, Vol. 118, 1973) fn at p. xxi, Introduction; and see The Walker Expedition to Quebec, 1711; (London: Navy Records Society, Vol. 94, 1953); Louisbourg Journals (New York: Soc. of Colonial Wars, 1932); McLennan's Louisbourg (London: MacMillan & CO., 1918).]

[2] During the course of the Siege of Louisbourg, 1745, the Superbe was Warren's flagship.

[3] At one point, prior to June 20th, Tiddeman and Durrell switched commands. As for Richard Tiddeman (d.1762): he was made lieutenant 1732 and captain, on the 9th March, 1745. He died in the East Indies while serving under Boscawan, drown in Manila Bay. (The Royal Navy and North America, op. cit., Vol. 118, 1973) and The Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy: 1660-1815 (London: Navy Records Society, Vol. 132, 1994.)

[4] James Douglas (see fn #6), had been the captain of the Mermaid, but on his appointment to the Vigilant was replaced by the Honourable William Montague (c.1720-57). Of the aristocracy, Montague made captain 23rd May, 1745; he was to the MP for Huntingdon (1745-52) and for Bossiney (1752-57); he died 1757. His "eccentric behaviour earned him the name 'Mad Montague.'" (Navy Records Society, Vols. 118 & 132.)

[5] A note of the Launceston: She was built in 1742 and her first captain was to be, Peter Warren. He continued to have her under his command when he joined the rest of the fleet in the fall of 1744, at Antigua. [See Julian Gwyn's work The Enterprising Admiral: The Personal Fortune of Admiral Sir Peter Warren (Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press, 1974) at p. 18.]

[6] Calmady was made captain in 1743. He was commanding the Weymouth when she was lost at Antigua, in February, 1745; just before Warren sailed for Louisbourg. (Calmady was to face a court marshal of the over the loss of the Weymouth. That he played a role in the success at Louisbourg, had to have a great effect; he was acquitted.)

[7] Sir James Douglas (1703-87) was made lieutenant in 1732 and captain in 1744 (19th March). He was put in command of the Newfoundland garrison for the period from 1746 to 1748. For bringing the news of Quebec's fall, Douglas was knighted on the 16th Oct., 1759. For ten years (1754-64) he was to serve as MP for Shetland (for Orkney between 1764 and 1768). Douglas was a member of the court in the court martial of Admiral Byng (1756). Sir James was made Rear-Admiral of the White in 1762; Vice-Admiral of the Red, 1776; Admiral of the Blue, 1778; Admiral of the White, 1782. In 1786, Douglas was created a baronet. (Navy Records Society, Vols. 118 & 132.)

[8] This is the Richard Edwards who died in 1773, not the Admiral of the same name. (Navy Records Society, Vol. 118.)

[9] Sir Francis Geary (c.1710-96): Geary was made a captain in 1742, and, afterwards, progressed through the years to become, in 1775, an admiral. He was to be at Louisbourg during both sieges; the first, 1745, with Warren; the second, 1758, with Boscawan. (Navy Records Society, Vols. 118 & 132.)

[10] Honourable Frederick Cornwall (c.1706-88): Cornwall was made captain 1744. At Louisbourg, Cornwall would have been seen on the quarterdeck of the Hector with but one arm, he having lost his right arm the year before in a naval battle off Toulon, 1744. In 1771 Cornwall was to become the MP for Montgomery (1771-74). (Navy Records Society, Vols. 118 & 132.)

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Peter Landry
2011