Blupete's History of Nova Scotia

Significant Historical Happenings: 1752.
In Connection With:
Bk. 1, Pt. 5, Ch. 6. - "Foreign Protestants By the Ship Load" (1750-52).
Bk. 1, Pt. 5, Ch. 9. - "The English Fortify Nova Scotia" (1749-54).

GENERALLY, 1752:
§The population of the Acadians living in peninsular Nova Scotia is now around 9,000; down from the 12 to 13 thousand it was in 1748; and this due to the Acadian migration to the French held territories of Ile Royal (Cape Breton) and Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island).
§The total population at Louisbourg, in 1752, is 5,845.
§The French population to the north (excluding the populations of Louisiana and of Acadia) is only 55,000; the entire French population in North America, in the mid 1700s, amounts to around 80,000.
§The population of the British colonies from Georgia through to Maine is 1.2 million.

FEBRUARY, 1752:
§February 3rd: The ferry commences to make regular runs between Dartmouth and Halifax.
§February 5th: Sieur de la Roque, under the direction of Comte de Raymond commences his travels throughout Isle Royal and Isle St. Jean, "through all the ports, harbours, creeks, rivers and to all places ... generally, where there are settlers ..." in order to make a census. [This census is set out in Canadian Archives Report (CAR); vol. II (Ottawa: S.E. Dawson, 1906).]

MARCH, 1752:
§March 23rd: The first edition of the Halifax Gazette is printed, the first newspaper in Canada.

MAY, 1752:
§May 17: Jonquiere dies at Quebec and is replaced by the Marquis Duquesne.

JUNE, 1752:
§June 12th: A lottery was organized for the building of a lighthouse of the approaches of Halifax Harbour: the Sambro lighthouse.

JULY, 1752:
§July 14th, 1752 (NS): The ships Speedwell and the Betty arrive at Halifax. The immigrants aboard had embarked at Rotterdam: Speedwell, 203; and the Betty, 154.
§July: Population at Dartmouth across the harbour from Halifax, is, 193, or 53 families.

August, 1752:
§August 3rd: At Halifax: Edward Cornwallis, disillusioned and wearied of "his financial responsibilities and of the reiterated and detailed instructions to economize," was, at Halifax, grateful to hand over the reins of governorship to his replacement, Pergrine Thomas Hopson.
§August 13th: The Gregorian calendar is adopted at Halifax, as it was, around these times, all over the British empire. Eleven days were added; thus, bringing the English, at least in respect to the calendar, into unison with the French. (See note on dates.)
§August 21: The ship Pearl arrives at Halifax with 212 settlers which had embarked at Rotterdam.
§August: Le Loutre, the missionary priest who encouraged and led the Indians to cause so much difficulty to the new settlement at Halifax, is, on this date, in Quebec, there to enlist help. Not getting any, he soon returned to Acadia; and, shortly, thereafter, boards a ship for France. By the end of December, Le Loutre is in France.

SEPTEMBER, 1752:
§September 6th, 1752 (NS): The ships Sally and the Gale arrive at Halifax. The immigrants aboard had embarked at Rotterdam: Sally, 218; and the Gale, 220.

OCTOBER, 1752:
§October, 16th: Governor Hopson reports to the Lords of Trade that the settlers being sent to Halifax were unfit, "many poor old decrepid creatures ... fitter to have been kept in almshouses than to be sent over here as settlers to work for their bread. ... [They] could not stir off the beach [within days] fourteen orphans belonging to these settlers that were taken in the Orphan house ..."

NOVEMBER, 1752:
§November 22nd: Jean-Baptiste Cope ("Major Cope"), the chief of the Shubenacadie Indians and the authorities at Halifax sign a treaty of peace.
§The Court at Halifax, as it existed in 1752, was to be known by a new name, Inferior Court of Common Pleas.


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