Blupete's History of Nova Scotia

Significant Historical Happenings By Year: 1721-23.

§The English parliament outlaws all private lotteries.
§Jan 12, 1721: A Navy Board dispatch shows that contracts have been entered into to supply "construction timber, during four years, at Ile Royale."
§May 21, 1721: We see that 60,000 "slates" are to be sent from Nantes to St. Malo for Ile Royale. Further, that Sr. Bouché is to be employed as an engineer at the Ile Royale fortifications.
§Boularderie is given a grant of lands Isle Verdronne, Boularderie Island.
§Armstrong and his company, having been sent there in the fall of 1720, are still at Canso and now "laying out the beaches" and strengthening the small fort at that place.
§Armstrong leaves Canso and comes to Annapolis Royal and returns to England.
§April, 1721: Imitating Virginia (he had instructions to do so) Philipps set up the General Court at Annapolis Royal.
§Summer, 1721: Philipps goes to Canso and stays there until 1722 when he leaves from there for England.
§September, 1721: We can see that the authorities are concerned about smallpox. Vessels are required to lie and it is ordered that no "Cotton wool &c (that may hold said infection) be landed at this place [Annapolis], until such time they are first aired, at some distant place from this Garrison as his Honour shall think proper --."
§Certain Swiss regiments arrive at Louisbourg; they were Protestant and thus caused some friction at first.
§Nov 26, 1721: French concerned that the English occupy Canso and "fortify themselves there, and keep 4 companies there. Such should not be as long as the boundaries of the two countries are not settled."

§Murder at Louisbourg: January 23rd, 1722: Comte d'Agrain, major of the Ile Royale, "assassinated" by two of his employees.
§Philipps, copying something which the French had been doing for years, gathers the Indians together at Canso and gives them gifts. This gesture of the English didn't help much, because the Micmacs, echoing the activities of their French driven cousins along the present day coast of Maine, continued to raid English fisherman up and down the eastern coast of Nova Scotia.
§Apr 11, 1722:
Mascarene has born to him his first and only son, John (has two daughters aged five and two years; all in Boston).
§Mar, 1722: We see that Louisbourg had a Admiralty Court, mainly, it seems, to sort out fishing rights.
§May 12, 1722: Ordinance forbidding the inhabitants of Ile Royale and of St. Jean to go back and forth. (They apparently would leave one place to take up at the other, thus to avoid their creditors).
§May 31, 1722: Le Hêro sails with 50 Swiss (Karrer) aboard for the garrison at Louisbourg.
§June, 1722: Winniett is robbed at Minas, "goods and vessel."
§June 30th, 1722: At the age of 54, Hertel, the "Sacker of Deerfield," is buried at Port-Dauphin.
§July 26th, 1722: A declaration of war against the Eastern Indians was published in Boston; for an Abenakis scalp one could receive anywhere from 15£ to 100£.
§A resident at Annapolis Royal is clamped in irons and put in prison having "Entertained an Indian in his House Contrary to His Excelly General Richard Philipps Proclamation bearing Date the 1st of Aug. 1722 ..."
§In the fall, Philipps leaves Canso for England.
§November, 1722: Certain of the "River Indians" are coming to the fort at Annapolis and sign as "friends to his Majestys Government."
§The foundation of the parish church and the priest's residence is laid out at Louisbourg. The church was to be called "Our Lady of the Angels," the same name of the church they were obliged to abandon at Placentia.

§The brick kiln at Port Toulouse (St. Peters) is destroyed by fire in 1723.
§July, 1723: "... the Micmacs seized sixteen or seventeen fishing smacks at Canseau; on which John Elliot, of Boston, and John Robinson, of Cape Ann, chased the marauders in two sloops, retook most of the vessels, and killed a good number of the Indians."
§September, 1723: It can be seen from the Council Minutes that prosecutions are being carried out against inhabitants for supplying "Liquor or Provisions of any sort" to the Indians; letters are being received from more remote place (for example, Shickanecto and Rechibuctou) were promises are being made by the chiefs that their tribes will behave peacefully towards the English."
§Armstrong's command is succeeded by
Cosby at Canso.
§September, 1723: Attempts can be seen by the English at Annapolis to control trade: Vessels are "liable to be Seized, if it Should either break bulk or receive any thing on Board..."

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Peter Landry
2012 (2020)