A History of Nova Scotia Page

Footnotes To
Book #3, The Road To Being Canada" (1815-1867)
Chapter 10, Modern Conveniences

FN1 Ch10 P. 873. We should mention, that in 1813 the Boston Manufacturing Company started producing cotton cloth in Waltham, Massachusetts. Cotton was produced in great quanities in Great Britain since 1794 when Eli Whitney (1765-1825) invented a simple device for separating cotton lint from seeds. The production of cotton at Boston in 1813 began the transformation of the United States from a commercial to an industrial nation.

FN2 Ch10 Edith Morley, Life and Times of Henry Crabb Robinson (London: Dent, 1935), p. 127. "Argand burner": "Applied to a lamp invented by Aimé Argand about 1782, with a cylindrical wick, which allows a current of air to pass to both inner and outer surfaces of the flame, thus securing more perfect combustion and brighter light ..." (OED)

FN3 Ch10 By 1816 London had 26 miles of gas mains; Baltimore, in 1816, was the first American city to use gas lighting; Paris had it by 1819; Berlin had a British company install it in 1826. Paul Johnson, The Birth of the Modern (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), p. 160.

FN4 Ch10 Edith Morley, Life and Times of Henry Crabb Robinson, p. 129.

FN5 Ch10 We see an entry into Dalhousie's Journal (Vol. 1, p. 29) that on February 24th, 1817, Three vessels from the West Indies arrived within these two days, come for cargoes of Ice which sells at Jamaica at a dollar per 1000 lbs." (Dalhousie Journals (Oberon Press: In 3 vols.: 1978, 1981, & 1982.)

FN6 Ch10 Paul Johnson, deals with ice cutting, ice storage and ice shipping. (The Birth of the Modern), p. 874.


Found this material Helpful?

Custom Search
[TOC -- Book 1 (1500-1763)]
[TOC -- Book 2 (1760-1815)]
[TOC -- Book 3 (1815-1867)]