Blupete's Nova Scotia History Page

Book #2: Settlement, Revolution & War (1760-1815).TOC
Part 1, "Pre-Revolutionary Settlement."
Synopses, Chapters 1 to 10

(Now Available As A Book)

1. - Introduction (11k):-
"The war was over, and the farm lands located on the banks of the fertile creeks of the Annapolis River, the Minas Basin and the Chignecto Isthmus, which had been worked by successive generations of French families, were lying fallow. The English marked these Acadian valleys for the settlement of English speaking people; but, because of the continuing war in America, no steps were taken. With the arrival of 1760, however, plans were turned into action."

2. - The Situation before The Third Wave (1760) (6k):-
"In the period with which we are about to deal, that between the ending of the Seven Years War in North America, 1760, and the beginning with the armed rebellion in the English colonies, 1776, during this sixteen year period, there was to come to the shores of Nova Scotia a third wave of settlers."

3. - The Coming of the New England Planters (1760-1763) (19k):-
"In the year 1760, Nova Scotia was to receive the first substantial lot of English speaking settlers (next to those that came in with Cornwallis in 1749, most of whom did not stick). Nova Scotia, which on paper had been English since 1713, and which up to mid-century was populated with but French speaking people, now, due the deportation of the French in 1755 and the influx of New Englanders in 1760, was more than English just in name; it had, finally, English speaking inhabitants."

4. - The DesBarresian Description of 1763 (16k):-
"In 1763, DesBarres, an army Engineer and the then Quarter Master General, was to give a description of Nova Scotia and its settlement. Westward from Halifax was Chester and then Lunenburg. ... DesBarres then takes us along into the territory of the Annapolis Valley ... DesBarres next brings us to the Chignecto area ... DesBarres then brings us to the end of our peninsular tour by going into the Minas Basin ..."

5. - The Early Settlement of the Chignecto Townships (24k):-
"While New Englanders did take up lands at Chignecto during the 1760s, they did not do so in any great numbers, at least, at that time, not to the extent as they did in the other Acadian home lands as are located in the Annapolis Valley and around the Minas Basin. As for the isthmus area, greater numbers of immigrants were to come to settle there during the years 1772-1775; they came directly from England; it is an event known in our history as the "Yorkshire Emigration."

6. - The Re-Coming of the Acadians (11k):-
"Notwithstanding the sentiments of Governor Wilmot and his policy of general riddance, the English government determined, that upon taking the oath of allegiance, Acadians were to be considered citizens and allowed to settle. In 1768, Lt. Governor Michael Francklin, signed a warrant designating a stretch of land along St Mary's Bay located in the western part of the province for the settlement of French Acadians, to be known as Clare."

7. - The Early Settlement of Liverpool and the Perkins' Diaries (9k):-
"Those that came to the southeastern shores of Nova Scotia as are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, such as is Liverpool, could not turn to farming for a full living; they were obliged to turn to the fishery; to the lumber trade; and, of course to shipbuilding."

8. - The 1767 Census (9k):-
"The total population of Nova Scotia at the beginning of 1767, computed from the returns for the townships and from estimates for the island of St. John and the settlements at Cape Sable, Miramichi and the St. John River, was 13,374. This number was broken down: 6,913, Americans; 2,165, Irish; 1,946, Germans and other foreigners; 1,265, Acadians; 912, English; and 173, Scots."

9. - The Early Settlement of Pictou: The Hector (15k):-
"There, at Ullapool, while the Hector rode at her anchors in Loch Broom, there on the docks ready to make their way aboard -- were to be found a collection of 'farmers, artisans, gentlemen's sons, and herders and their families.' ... The Hector sailed out of Loch Broom with her expectant passengers in early July, 1773. Right at the first of the voyage these landsmen were seasick; but the worst was yet to come."

10. - Cape Breton (19k):-
"It is clear from the records made by the British, that in the years now under review, there were no great numbers of people to be found on Cape Breton Island; but those that were to be found, were to be found along the eastern coast, beginning as we have seen at Ile Madame and then up along the eastern coast with the major concentration, such as it was, in and around Louisbourg."

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